Loss and damage (L&D)

The term refers to the losses and damages that will occure despite efforts to reduce emissions of GHGs and to adapt to climatic changes. A work programme was established at COP16 in Cancun in order to consider different ways to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Loss and damage was a critical issue that dominated the negotiations at COP19 in Warsaw, with talks on compensation to countries experiencing climate impacts they cannot adapt to. This lead to the establishment of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with climate change impacts (see WIM). 

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