Measurable, reportable and verifiable. A process that potentially supports greater transparency in the climate change regime, as regards confirming GHG mitigation actions, emission levels and/or reductions from mitigation actions on a global scale. It also helps identify potential needs for technical and financial support to help developing countries meet their reporting obligations. Effective use of emissions inventories, national communications and biennial update reports (BURs) are key in this respect. MRV can be viewed as follow up routines for making sure that binding commitments in a climate agreement are being held. The stringency of MRV and the issue of differentiation for Annex I and non‐Annex I countries has caused discrepancy.

Learn more about MRV: (A report on trends and developments in UNFCCC negotiations) (For an overview of the MRV Framework for Non-Annex I parties) (A handbook for developing country Parties outlining the key concepts, elements and requirements of the MRV framework)