Non-Annex I Parties

The UNFCCC categorizes the parties as Annex I, Annex II and non-Annex 1. Non-Annex I refers to countries that have ratified or acceded to the UNFCCC, but are not included in Annex I of the Convention. This group of countries mainly include low-income developing countries, and emerging economies such as China, India and Brazil, which has been much controversial. Non-Annex I Parties have no binding commitments to cut their emissions under the Kyoto Protocol. Certain groups of developing countries are recognized by the Convention as being especially vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, having limited capacity to respond to climate change as well as adapt to its adverse effects. These include e.g. AOSIS, SIDS and the LDCs. The Convention emphasizes activities that meets the special needs and concerns of these vulnerable countries, such as investments, insurances and technology transfers. (see also LDCF, GCF, Adaptation Fund, SCCF and Technology transfer) 


Sources: 
unfccc.int
unfccc.int
(list of non-Annex 1 countries)